3heads-gear3headschatchecklistglobehead-lockhead-plusimaclife-ringlogo-cornelllogo-melbournelogo-northhamptonlogo-portsmouthlogo-small logo-vancouverlogo-yokohamamail-line mail-wings pdf pie-chartplayplugprinter skype website

Welcome to the seventh step in our free professional learning series on class and student blogging!

The aim of this step is to:

  1. Discuss copyright, fair use and using images on blogs.
  2. Introduce you to Creative commons.
  3. Explain how to find and add creative commons images to posts.
  4. Discuss what are free and public domain images; and how to source them.


Back to Top

Intro to copyright, fair use and images in posts

You can’t just use any image you like in a blog post.

Why?  Because unless stated otherwise, the law automatically grants full “copyright” over any creative work a person makes.

Using images
Dexter the cat hates those that steal his photos…

I’m sure you’re probably thinking it is okay because as educators, we have a few more flexible rules, called “Fair Use”, to play by.  Fair use, in some cases, if an image, text, video, etc. is being used for educational purposes, means you may have more flexible copyright rules.

The trouble is, most of the laws and rules that cover fair use and education were written well before the invention of the web.  They don’t apply to use of copyright material on the Internet.  Using copyright material leaves you open to copyright infringement.

So what does this mean?

You need to:

  1. Learn what images you are and aren’t allowed to use, and why.
  2. Learn how to attribute images you are allowed to use.
  3. Educate your students that you can’t just use any images off the Internet on their blogs
  4. Show them how to source and attribute images they are allowed to use.

Understanding digital copyright is an essential skill we need to understand and teach our students.

Refer to The Educator’s Guide to Copyright, Fair Use, and Creative Commons for comprehensive information on the use of images, curriculum docs, text and quotes, music, videos.

The safest way to source images for your blog is to either:

  • Use Creative Commons images.
  • Use free public domain images.
  • Use your own photos or use images you’ve created.


Back to Top

Intro to creative commons

Creative Commons, founded in 2001, is an organization which provides free content license known as a creative commons license that people can apply to their work.

When you license your work with creative commons, you are giving people the permission to use it without having to ask permission, provided they use it in the manner stated in your creative commons license.

The reason people use creative commons licenses is to make it easier for everyone to share and adapt creative work without the concern of copyright infringement.

Watch this video on Creative Commons.

Creative commons licenses are used for books, websites, blogs, photographs, films, videos, songs and other audio & visual recordings.

If an image, or website, doesn’t include a Creative Commons license, or isn’t public domain work, or indicates that the content is free to use than it automatically implies all content is copyright and you shouldn’t use!

There are a websites that provide public domain images that are free to use, or have their own free to use licensing, but you need to make sure sure you follow their terms and conditions of use.

For those wondering, unless a blogger includes a Creative Commons license, all content on that blog is automatically the copyright of the blogger.

Back to Top
Creative Commons Licenses

Creative Commons licenseThere are several different types of Creative commons licenses people use depending on what restriction(s) they want to apply to their work.

For example,on the bottom right corner of the sidebar of The Edublogger you’ll see we license all content on the blog as “Attribution – Non-Commercial – Share Alike”.

That is fancy talk for letting you know that you are free to use anything on The Edublogger as long as you:

  1. Give an attribution or credit that lets others know where you got the info with a link to The Edublogger,
  2. Won’t profit in any way from using our content and use it for non-business purposes only, and
  3. Anything you create with our content, you must use the same license.

Below’s a quick summary of the different types of Creative commons licenses:

Attribution CC BY

Allowed to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work), remix (to adapt the work) and use it for commercial purposes provided you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

Attribution-NoDerivs

Allowed to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work) and use it for commercial purposes provided you do not alter, transform or build upon the work and you attribute it in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike               

Allowed to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work) and remix (to adapt the work) provided it isn’t used for commercial purposes, you attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor and you distribute it under the same license.

Attribution-ShareAlike               

Allowed to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work) and remix (to adapt the work) and use it for commercial purposes provided if you alter, transform or build upon the work provided you distribute it under the similar license.  You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

Attribution-NonCommercial               

Allowed to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work) and remix (to adapt the work) provided it isn’t used for commercial purposes.  You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs               

Allowed to share (to copy, distribute and transmit the work) provided you do not alter, transform or build upon the work or use it for commercial purposes and you attribute it in the manner specified by the author or licensor.

Watch this video for a summary of the different creative commons’ licences.


Back to Top

Flickr Creative Commons Images

One of the most common sources of Creative Commons images used by bloggers is Flickr (an online photo sharing website).

Unfortunately many assume Flickr images are licensed under creative commons and allowed to be used.  This isn’t the case.

Images marked as “All Rights Reserved” are copyrighted and require permission from the person who uploaded it to Flickr.  Images with “Some rights reserved” means the Flickr user has applied a Creative Commons license to their photo and you can use the image in the manner specified by the license.

If you look at images directly on Flickr always check to see which license applies to ensure you only use the image in the manner specified by the license.

The license is listed below the image.

For those you might be allowed to use click on “Some rights reserved”.

Flickr Licence

This takes you to the Creative commons licence where you can read how you are allowed to use the image.

Creative Commons

Back to Top

Finding Creative commons images

The best option for finding Flickr Creative commons images is to use one of the great Flickr Search Engines.

Compfight

Compfight

Compfight is one of the most popular Flickr Search engines.  It provides a range of search options including search by tags only vs. all the text, licenses, the option to show or hide originals and turn on/off the safe content filter.

All images above the line returned by your Compfight search are professional stock photos — they aren’t free to use.  Those below the line are Flickr Photos.

Compfight

Photos for Class

Photos for Class

Photos for Class is a student friendly place for searching safe images from Creative Commons Flickr.

The downloaded images include attribution of the photographer and the image license terms.

Multicolr Search Lab

multicolor search

Multicolr Search Lab allows you to search Flickr images by color.  This is a handy tool when you’re trying to match specific colors.  All you need to do is select up to 5 colors.

Back to Top
Creative Commons and image attribution

It’s a requirement of all Creative Commons Licenses that you attribute the original author.  This means you can’t just use a creative commons image without acknowledging the person who originally created it.

Within or at the end your blog post you must attribute the image, include their copyright information and you should link the photo back to it’s original photo page.

Here’s an example of image attribution:

Pink Cake

Photo by Chotda licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic.


Back to Top

Adding images from Compfight to posts

Here’s how easy it is to find an image on Comfight and add it to your post with image attribution:

1.  Go to Compfight and enter your search term.

Make sure Creative Commons and Safe search is selected.

Searching Compfight

2. Click on the creative commons image you want to use.

Click on the image

3.  This launches a pop up image window.

Pop up image window

4.  Click on ‘Some Rights Reserved‘ to check the creative commons license.

5.  Click on ‘Download‘ next to the size you want to use to download it onto your computer.

Click on Download

6.  Click on Add Media icon in your post editor.

add media icon

7.  Click on ‘Upload Files’ and then ‘Select Files’.

Add Media

8.  Locate the image on your computer and click Open to upload.

9.  While your image is uploading you will see a progress bar.

10.  Once the image has uploaded add the (1) image title, (2) alternative text, (3) paste the HTML code into the caption, (4) Select Custom URL, (5) Paste original image location, (6) Select full size and then click (7)  Insert into Post.

adding creative commons image

11.  Your image will insert and look like this.

Pink Cake
Photo Credit: chotda via Compfight cc


Back to Top

Adding images using the Compfight plugin

The Compfight plugin on Edublogs is a great tool to quickly find, add and add photo attribution for Creative Commons images to your posts using the Compfight icon on your visual editor.

Once you’ve activated the compfight plugin it is as simple as:

1.  Click on the Compfight icon.

Compfight icon

2.  Add your search term and click Search.

3.  Click on S (Small), M (Medium) or L (Large) to add the image to your post with proper Creative Commons attribution.



Back to Top

Free and public domain images

There are websites that provide public domain images that are free to use, or have their own free to use licensing.

Public domain works are those works that:

  1. Automatically enter public domain when created because they are not copyrightable.
  2. Their copyright has expired.
  3. Their creator has assigned their work to public domain.

Public domain images are free and available for unrestricted use.

Back to Top

Attributing free and public domain images

Public domain images and free to use images may not have a strict legal requirement of attribution, depending on the jurisdiction of content reuse, and depending on the terms and conditions of use of content from the website, but attribution is recommended to give correct provenance.  This means within or at the end your blog post you must attribute the image, include their copyright information and you should link the photo back to it’s original photo page.

Back to Top

Sources of free and public domain images

Here’s some good free and public domain image websites to use with students:

Pixabay

Pixabay

Pixabay is a curated repository for finding and sharing public domain images.  All of the images on Pixabay can be used freely in digital and printed format, for personal and commercial use. Attribution to the original author is not required.

Openclipart

openclipart

Openclipart is a gallery of clip art images that have been released into the public domain that can be used freely, for personal and commercial use, without attribution.

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons

Wikimedia Commons is a media file repository for public domain and freely-licensed educational media content, including images, sound and video clips.

Images and other media on Wikimedia Commons are almost all under some kind of free license (usually public domain, CC-BY, CC-BY-SA, or GFDL (GNU Free Documentation license).

Clicking on an image or media file on Wikimedia Commons takes you to the information page for that file. This is where you’ll find the information supplied by the uploader, including the copyright status, the copyright owner, and the license conditions.

The following image from Wikimedia Commons is license under GNU Free Documentation and Creative Commons ShareAlike 3.0.

License information

The Commons

Flickr Commons

The Commons was set up to help share photos and images from the World’s public photography archives.  There is over 56 institutions contributing images to The Commons.

A special rights statement — ‘No known copyright restrictions’ — was created to provide a copyright framework allowing institutions to add their photos to Flickr Commons and define how the public could use their work through their own rights statement.

Once you’ve located an image on The Commons you should click on the ‘No known copyright restrictions’ beneath the image.

This takes you to the Rights Statement for the Institution who supplied the image.  This is where you’ll find information on how the institution would like the image to be attributed.

Attribution

Below is an example of attributing an image from The Commons.

River Cave, Margaret River [Western Australia, 2] [Frank Hurley] Courtesy of the National Library of Australia
River Cave, Margaret River [Western Australia, 2] [Frank Hurley] Courtesy of the National Library of Australia
Getty Open Content images

Getty Open Content

Getty Open Content images are all available digital images to which the Getty holds the rights or that are in the public domain to be used for any purpose. No permission is required.

The Getty requests that you use the following source credit when reproducing an image:

Digital image courtesy of the Getty’s Open Content Program.

Here’s an example of attributing an image from Getty’s open content program.

Vincent van Gogh [Dutch, 1853 - 1890], Irises, Dutch, 1889, Oil on canvas, Digital image courtesy of the Getty’s Open Content Program.
Vincent van Gogh [Dutch, 1853 – 1890], Irises, Dutch, 1889, Oil on canvas, Digital image courtesy of the Getty’s Open Content Program.
Getty Images

Getty Images

Getty Images is an American Stock photo agency which allows their images to be used for free for non-commercial use.  Getty Images have no relationship with the J. Paul Getty Trust and the Getty Open Content images.

Once you have found an image on Getty Images you can embed it into a post or page using their embed code as follows:

1.  Hover your mouse over the image you want to use.

2.  This launches an image preview window with more information and a link to the embed option.

3.  Click on the Embed link.

Click on Embed code

4.  Copy the embed code.

Copy the embed code

5.  Place your cursor in the post where you want you it to be embedded and click on Add Media button.

Click an Add Media

6.  Click on Insert Embed Code.

Insert Embed code

7.  Paste the embed code into the Insert Embed code box and click Insert into post.   

Paste Embed code

8.  When you have finished writing click Publish.

Click Publish

11.  You should now see the Getty image embedded in your post with full attribution like shown below.


Back to Top

Using own images

The alternative options to sourcing images from other websites is to upload your own photos or create images using online tools.

Image editing tool

Here’s some ideas for creating your own images:

  1. Comic Generators like ToonDoo
  2. Photo Editors like Befunkyfd’s Flickr Tools
  3. Tag Cloud Creators such as Wordle
  4. Graph Creators including GraphJam and Crappy Graphs
  5. Fun photo tools CutMyPic, Deefunia, Glitterfly, PhotoFunia, Says It recommended by the Daring Librarian.  For more check out WebTools4U2 for other great tools for creating your own images.


Back to Top

Using student photos online

Even though 99.99% of visitors to your class blog will be well meaning parents, students, community members, or interested visitors from around the world, the unfortunate reality is that those with bad intentions can also visit public sites. There are also cases where the personal background of a student might mean they need more privacy and anonymity than others.

Decisions on whether to use student photographs or not is often about protecting educators from having problems with parents, caregivers or administrators who have concerns about cyber-predators.

Information that helps someone identify a student should always be shared with care.

Before using any student photos online, even on a private blog, you need to:

  • Find out your school, district or Education Department guidelines for sharing student photos online — make sure you follow these guidelines.
  • Find out if there are forms caregivers and students need to sign to consent to use of student photos online — make sure you have all forms signed by parents or caregivers.
  • Respect the wishes of caregivers and students while understanding consent to use photos can be withdrawn at any time.

Remember it isn’t possible to stop parents, students and caregivers from downloading photos and sharing them on their social networks, even if you are using a private blog.  If you don’t want a photo shared on a social network then don’t upload the photo.

Our recommendations:

  • Avoid the use of any photos that can identify individual students.  A safe compromise is to only use photo taken from behind students.
  • Don’t use student photos for their avatars.
  • If you do use any photos of students – don’t use their name in the file name and don’t refer to the student by name, even their first name, in the caption under the photo or in the post.

Refer to We Should Talk – Are You Using Student Photos Online? for examples of student photos that are less likely to cause issues.


Back to Top

Your Task

We’d like you to add your voice and ideas to our ongoing conversation about student blogging by completing the following tasks:

  1. Add a creative commons image or public domain image to a post and then share a link to your post by leaving a comment so we can see  how you went.
  2. Read through the most recent comments in reply to this step, click on a link to someone else’s post to check out the image they added then leave a response to their comment.

 

187 Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


  1. Hi Sue,

    Thanks for referring me to your thorough post! I also have this previous post that shares other sources – http://www.dpresident.net/journeywithtechnology/using-online-images/.

    I have a tendency to use public domain images or images I take myself for my featured image post, because I know that I don’t have to give an attribution for them. I get your point about consistency, and I think attributing everything removes any ambiguity. I must admit to sometimes sticking to the requirements at the expense of ambiguity, however.

  2. Great post! One thing that was not covered that should have been, is the use of models or copyright/Trade Mark items within cc0 photos. While websites like RepublicOfStock.com and flickr cc0 search do provide free images, that does not mean all images can be used for everything. For example if an image contains a models face but doesn’t have a model release agreement and you use the image for something controversial, that model has the right to take legal action. The same is true of using an image that contains a known product or brand. That product or brand still remains copyright.

  3. I included one of the pictures featured in the last step: “Top 10 Reasons for student blogging” in my welcome page. I provided the source and linked the name to the original.

    I think copyright is an important issue to be tackled with the students. We do research projects that include a lot about referencing, sources and quotes – but very little about online material. This should prove interesting for the students as well.

    • Forestdweller
    • /
    • /
      • I agree, Forestdweller. With students obtaining many sources online, this is an important discussion to pose on referencing material and understanding copyright.
        You chose a great image from Flickr to supplement your post and acknowledged the author on Flickr. This also introduced me to other images by sylviaduckworth.

    • I really liked your 10 reasons for blogging picture and I used your idea because so many students always ask WHY! 🙂

    • Very good! I believe that showing the importance of following copyright laws can teach our students how much of hard work they must put into the writing and research process.

  4. http://almasiscience.edublogs.org/2016/08/28/motion-sickness/

    Well, this was an eye-opening challenge. I’m certainly not an idiot, but I was incredibly ignorant of photo copyrights – I thought as long as I attributed a photo from the internet, I could use it.

    I’ve now changed the header photo to one that I took in Alaska a few years ago, and a photo in the linked blog post to one that I obtained from photosforclass.com. Thanks for the good lesson!

    • Your header is beautiful! And the explanation I find interesting 🙂

      • Forestdweller
      • /
      • /
  5. Hello edubloggers!

    I have found all this information about copyright really usegul and it has challenge me to be more carefult with the way I use pictures, so I am really grateful for that.
    Besides, and in order to fulfil the task I have created a new post about reading and I have used a picture from Getty Images which I thought was quite nice. http://tiradelalengua.edublogs.org/2016/09/06/leer-es-un-ritual-2/

    I will be more careful about using photos and illustrations in the future. I am actually a big fan of illustrations… Is there any gallery different to openart you could recommend? Thanks!

  6. Who knew there was so much involved in copyright? I plan to use a lot of my own images, but will references this page as necessary. Thanks for complying it!

    • All this step about copyright has also been quite a surprise for me. I think it will be really good for my students learning to acknowledge others people work. The photo you chose for your post is really suited!

  7. Thank you for this information on copyright, but I wanted to caution you that your treatment of Fair Use is incorrect. Fair Use is not context specific, meaning it applies to both print and online materials. You may be confusing it with the TEACH Act, which has two parts: one for in classroom education experiences, and one for distance or online educational experiences. A Fair Use argument can apply equally as well to the internet as it can to the classroom. The TEACH Act, and its separate protections for classrooms vs online, does not apply to both. This is an important clarification, as Fair Use is an umbrella exception that can be used in any context and with any material. Please don’t limit its use for your readers!

  8. This page was extremely helpful and informative! I do not a specific plan for using clip art at the moment, but when I do I will be referencing this page!

  9. I added a creative commons image from Flickrs, and actually of my own, taken expressly for Edublogs Comment Challenge back in 2008.
    I also left a link to a wiki page where I’ve been collecting several links to creative commons image sites or public domain sites I keep finding through Edublogs, mainly during past Students Challenges.
    I was glad to know about Getty Open Content Images. Thank you!
    Here is my post: http://cadescrita.edublogs.org/2016/08/19/teacher-challenge-4/

    • I like your post. I am still having a hard time creating posts and not just adding to my page…

    • inpi-

      I like how you’ve blogged about the challenges along with the images. What a great way to keep record and reflection of all that we’ve done. Beautiful picture as well!

  10. I made a power point presentation for class and used this picture for my back ground J, G. D. (2015, July 10). Church Silhouette at Dusk. Retrieved from openclipart.org. And the face book logo from this source for a slide in the presentation Facebook. (2013, June 9). Facebook Logo (Square). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Facebook_logo_(square).png

    -Carolyn

    • Carolyn Garza
    • /
    • /
  11. I added a photo of a panther (school mascot) to my blog, the link to flickr works (although I can’t get the link to open in a new page) and I added the photo credit text under the photo myself as it didn’t show up from alt text.

    • Hi “Mscoultas”

      We edited your photo to open in a new window, to show you how it is done.

      Open your post in Edit Mode and click on the image.
      Click the edit icon on the image.
      Under Advanced Options, select “Open link in a new tab”

      Eugene Brown, Edublogs Support

    • Nice! How did you get the page to scroll like that over your image?

  12. I would like to thank you for this awesome post. I am honest: I didn’t know there was such a deep underwater world about images and copyright. Well, yes, I knew you can’t use images for free if they are not yours. But I really didn’t have a clue about Creative Commons. I will for sure re read this post, and keep it safe for my future on the bloggosphere. And publish new posts with your precious suggestions in mind. Thank you again!
    HAVE A HAPPY EASTET IN PEACE, LOVE AND TOLLERANCE
    Mrs. Dorigo
    http://www.matenglishblog.wordpress.com

    • Hi Mrs. Dorigo, and a Happy Easter to you too.

      Your blog is looking really good! I like that you have added Europe specific online safety.

      Eugene Brown, Edublogs Support

    • Your blog looks great. The image below the navigation really brings emphasis to your blog. We now know where to find and source our images.

  13. I have followed your advice and moved the ’email subscription’ higher up the Widgets.
    I have also uploaded an image from Flickr.
    Generally We would only be posting images we have taken ourselves, but very useful exercise in copyrights etc.
    http://bowleepark.edublogs.org/

    • Mrs C A Smith
    • /
    • /
    • I will have to check this resource out. I used the CDC for mine. Many governmental agencies offer public domain images.

      • mrpthescienceg
      • /
      • /
    • Stephanie,
      I love your use of photos on your commenting guidelines page! Great idea to engage readers.
      Kama Almasi

    • Great images – and this looks like just about the best class ever. Sign me up! 🙂

      • stephaniewardrop
      • /
      • /