Welcome to the fourth step in our free professional learning series on building your PLN.

In our previous step, we introduced you to Twitter and explained how people use it to build their PLN.

The aim of this step is to:

  1. Explain what hashtags and Twitter chats are.
  2. Explain the benefits of participating in Twitter Chats with your PLN.
  3. Provide tips for getting the most out of Twitter Chats

What Are Hashtags?

Before we begin explaining Twitter chats, we should break down hashtags which are an important part of Twitter.

A hashtag is written with the “#” hash (pound) sign and is used to index keywords or topics on Twitter.

Putting a hashtag symbol (#) in front of a relevant keyword or phrase helps to categorize the tweet and make it easier for people to find.

Hashtags can be used anywhere in a tweet. They can replace a word as demonstrated below, or just be tacked on to the end of a tweet.

When you click on the hashtagged word or phrase (e.g. #podcasts) a new page will load with tweets from everyone who is tweeting about podcasts — whether or not you follow those people.

Note that hashtags can’t have any spaces so math chat becomes #mathchat. 

What Hashtag Should I Use?

You can use any hashtag you like, however, if it’s not being used by others then people won’t be following it or searching for it. So to get the most out of hashtags, you should usually use ones that others are using.

Note that hashtags are not created by Twitter, but by Twitter users. Often if there is an event going on, the organizers will publish the official hashtag on the conference materials and social media.

For example, when ISTE 2018 was happening, ISTE tweeted out the official hashtag:

Following Hashtags

You can type a hashtagged keyword in the search bar on Twitter to discover tweets and accounts based on your interests. There are easier ways to follow hashtags so you don’t have to keep running the same search.

TweetDeck is commonly used to follow hashtags that you want to keep track of regularly (the Twitter search bar is fine if you just want to do one-off searches).

Check out this video by Jennifer Fox to find out how to set up TweetDeck to follow hashtags.

Starting Your Own Hashtag

Hashtags are community driven and anyone can start one. Maybe you want to start your own hashtag with a group of people from your PLN who have a similar interest.

Say you’ve been talking to a group of teachers about using greenscreen technology and you thought you could use the hashtag #greenscreen101 to keep the conversations going.

To avoid using a hashtag that is already being used, it’s advisable to search for that hashtag first. Things can get confusing if your hashtag is being used by another group!

Simply search in the Twitter search box for your preferred hashtag or use a free tool like hashtagify.me.

Here I can see that #greenscreen101 hasn’t be tweeted in a number of years, so it would be fine to use.

Twitter search for #greenscreen101 Edublogs

Fun Idea: Use Your Own Hashtag To Find Your Tweets

Kathleen Sokolowski has shared a handy tip about creating your own personal hashtag in order to find tweets that you want to remember or come back to.

Read all about it in her article on creating a Twitter Digital Notebook. 

If you are like me and frequently read articles and posts that resonate, challenge you or speak to you in some way, consider creating a hashtag for yourself! When you want to find your tweet again, just search for your hashtag in the search bar and be sure to click “Latest” to see all your tweets.

Finding Popular Hashtags

Maybe you’re a teacher tweeting about the arts. You’d like to include a hashtag in your tweet to reach a larger audience but you’re not sure what the popular hashtags are in that niche.

You might have seen #arted used but you’re not sure if this is a popular choice.

A tool like hashtagify.me can be really handy (the basic features are free).

When I type in #arted I can see that the popularity is 42.7 (on a scale of 1-100). It also shows me a wordcloud of related hashtags. The bigger the hashtag, the more popular it is. #artsed (with an s) stands out.

#arted on hashtagify.me

Clicking on #artsed in the word cloud shows me that the popularity is higher (51) and I can also see some related hashtags I could explore as well.

#artsed hashtagify.me

Popular Hashtags In Education

Jerry Blumengarten (aka Cybrary Man) is well known for curating hashtags used in education. You can find the complete list on his site. 

Ryan O’Donnell has also used information from Cybrary Man’s site and the November Learning team to curate a list of popular hashtags in education.

Find the original image here. 

64 Twitter Hashtags for Teachers Edublogs

Trending Hashtags

Trending Topics on Twitter example
Examples of trending topics

When you’re on your Twitter home feed, you might have noticed “Trends for you” on the left hand side. This is located in the search tab of the Twitter mobile app.

Trending topics are a mix of hashtags and regular phrases that show what’s currently being tweeted about most. They’re tailored for you based on your geographical location and who you follow.

You can click on these trends to find out more and join in the conversation by leaving a reply or tweeting something of interest.

Like a lot of aspects of Twitter and social media, clicking on trending topics can take you down a rabbit hole. So be warned! 😉

What Are Twitter Chats?

As we just saw, hashtags make it easier to search and follow the Twitter conversations on specific topics at any time. Sometimes people gather around to discuss a specific topic at a specific time. This is a Twitter chat and a hashtag is the glue that brings the Twitter chat together.

We’ll now take a look at how Twitter Chats work and break down how you can get involved.

If you’d prefer to watch a video to learn, this is a great short overview of Twitter chats by The University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Twitter chats are one of the best ways for educators to connect with other educators, exchange and debate ideas, ask for help and provide assistance, find new resources and take action.

Twitter chats are where educators meet at a set “meeting time” to engage in conversations by sending out tweets on a topic using a designated hashtag during a specific time on a certain day. Most Twitter chats last for an hour.

During the Twitter chat, you’ll see educators tweet their responses in real time. The best way to participate in a Twitter chat is to set up a search for the hashtag in TweetDeck, Hootsuite, or in the Twitter app on your mobile device.

Check out Laura Moore’s video which explains how to take part in a Twitter chat using TweetDeck. The video goes for 25 minutes because Laura has recorded herself participating in an actual chat. You can just watch the first few minutes if you just want to learn how to get set up for a chat. 

Participating In A Twitter Chat

Twitter chats normally have a moderator (or several) who guide the conversation during the chat using a Question and Answer format.

Prior to the Twitter chat, the moderators decide on the topic of the chat and organize a series of 5-10 questions to ask during the chat.

Below is an example of a Twitter chat using #moedchat (Missouri Educators Chat).

The chat normally starts by introducing the topic and asking participants to introduce themselves.

Welcome to chat

Participants respond by including the hashtag for the chat in their tweet (in this example all replies include the hashtag #moedchat).

Recipients respond

Once introductions are finished the moderators will commence guiding the conversation using their questions. Each question is normally starts with a Q and a number to indicate which question it is.

Moderator question

Participants’ replies normally start with an A and a number to indicate which question they are answering as well as the chat hashtag.


Twitter chats are a conversation — you can add your extra thoughts to anyone’s answer by replying to their tweet and including the hashtag. Provided the hashtag is included, everyone in the Twitter chat will see your reply.


I Can’t Keep Up With A Twitter Chat

Tweets can fly fast in a Twitter chat! Don’t worry if you can’t keep up.

Here are some tips to help:

  • Archives: Moderators often archive or curate the information and resources shared during the chat session. This used to be through tools like Storify but this service has closed. Sometimes a tool like Wakelet is now used or there will be a specific website for a Twitter chat.
  • Be prepared: Moderators often publish the questions that will be asked in advance so you can think ahead. You can also get your Tweetdeck set up before a chat so you’re ready to go.
  • Be selective: You don’t need to answer every question. Twitter chats are very flexible. They often go for an hour but no one minds how long you stay or how involved you are.
  • Follow up: If you were interested in what someone had to say but you found the tweets were flying too fast, don’t worry. You can resume the conversation with people at any time.
  • Bookmark: A relatively new feature of Twitter for mobile is Bookmarks. You can bookmark Tweets you’d like to refer to later. Tap the share icon next to a tweet and select Add Tweet to Bookmarks. Tap Bookmarks from your profile icon menu to access your saved tweets.
  • Like: If you like a tweet by pressing on the heart, you can go back and look at these later. Just click on the Likes from your profile icon menu.
  • Lurk: It’s fine to just watch a few chats before you decide to contribute. The first question is generally an introduction so don’t be afraid to say it’s your first time participating either.

Popular Twitter Chats

Education chats generally occur in the evenings each week, either during school terms or throughout the whole year. Most chats focus on a particular topic, subject area, theme, or year level.

Some states or countries have their own chats, but anyone is welcome to take part in any chat.

Finding Twitter Chats

Now you know about Twitter chats it’s time to find one and take part!

There are many places to find chats that interest you and work with your schedule.

Examples Of Twitter Chats

Here are a few examples of popular Twitter Chats to help you get started:

All the times listed below are in Eastern Standard Time (USA).

  • Use this time zone converter to help figure out what time this will be for you.
  • Double check the time by clicking on the links as things can change with daylight savings etc!
  • Please let us know if we have any of the information below incorrect.


The “original” education chat. This one is very busy and fast paced. Takes place on Tuesdays 12 PM and 7 PM EST. Learn more here.


This chat focuses on educational technology and is held every Monday at 7 PM EST. Find out more here.


NT2T stands for “New Teachers to Twitter”. Held Saturdays at 8 AM. For more information, click here. Tip: There is also a Twitter mentor program for newbies.


Educators discuss shaping the future of school. Takes place Thursdays at 7 PM. Find out more here.


A chat for those working with younger children. Held on Mondays 2:30 PM and 8 PM EST. Learn more here.


For special education (see more here).  Takes place on Tuesdays from 9 PM EST.


Created by Ditch That Textbook author Matt Miller. The chat focuses on innovative teaching ideas. Takes place on Tuesdays from 9 PM EST. Find out more.


Twitter might feel overwhelming but if you give it a chance for a few weeks it will really start to make sense and you will see how it’s so popular with educators.

You’ll also notice that Twitter chat hashtags are often used outside of the designated time frame to share resources, ask questions and help each other. The hashtag becomes a community!

If you need help at any time you’re on Twitter, just tweet one of our team e.g. @edublogs, @kathleen_morris, @Edublogs_Eugene, or @suewaters.

Your Task

We’d like you to add your voice and ideas to our ongoing conversation about PLNs by undertaking one or more of these challenges:

  1. Browse: Do a Twitter search of one of the Twitter chats and check out the information shared during the chat. For example, tell us about any resources, or ideas, you discovered reading through the Twitter chat conversation.
  2. TweetDeck: Set up TweetDeck and add a column for a hashtag you want to follow. Leave a comment on this post to share how you went setting up TweetDeck and share your tips for other newbies on using TweetDeck.
  3. Join a Twitter Chat. Leave a comment on this post to share what you learned from participating in the Twitter chat. Tell us about any resources, or ideas, you discovered during the chat.
  4. Blog Post: Write a blog post about your initial impressions of Twitter Chats. You could include — what you see as obstacles to taking part in Twitter chats, what you have learned from participating in a Twitter chat, or tips for someone new to hashtags or Twitter chats. Don’t forget to leave a comment here with the link to your post.

Also feel free to leave a comment to ask any questions or share your tips.

How to leave a comment: Scroll down to find the comment box. Write your comment, then enter your name and email address (email addresses are not published). Enter the anti-spam word. Press submit and we will moderate your comment ASAP.

505 thoughts on “Step 4: All About Hashtags And Twitter Chats

  1. I looked up the #whatisschool and I learned a bunch of things. I learned different educators have specific meeting times and they list them in the post. I also noticed they can have varying topics about the future of education. I saw some people talking about high school English, younger elementary school students learning about sports broadcasting, and I saw some middle school STEAM. I love how there truly is something out there for everyone.

  2. I decided to do a twitter search for #ditchbook because I was interested in learning more about the innovative teaching ideas. I was shocked to see how easy, accessible, and user-friendly the search was. I was empowered to see all the editable templates and slides that are free resources for educators like myself. I was able to compare some station rotation slides that I saw other educators using and compare it to the ones I currently use in my classroom. I was pleased to see some that I liked more than my own! The power of social media! The free resources alone were enough to excite me from templates, to digital breakout rooms, and choice boards galore! I definitely feel like I’m about to go down a rabbit hole in the best way possible!

  3. I searched: #ditchbook because I am interested in learning what other educators are using to replace textbooks. For years some of my co-teachers have wanted to get rid of our textbooks and create a curriculum and content that aligns with our state standards. We know that most premade curriculums are one-size fits all. We also understand that these companies do work really hard to create content that supports all learners, however, we spend more time picking through the curriculum to fit our standards and our students, when we could be spending that time creating a curriculum that fits perfectly.

    Some ideas that stuck out to me on my search: a link to slide templates; an immense amount of resources to teach a certain skill; activities; podcasts to listen to; how to incorporate social media in your classroom; information articles; many technology platforms to use; and one of the more exciting shares, in my opinion, is the amount of book ideas, and a way to purchase them at good prices.

  4. I looked up two different hashtags. I first started with #edchat. There was a lot of good stuff that popped up. Some were simply motivational quotes, but there was also links to articles and videos discussing tools to use in the classroom, different blended learning strategies, and connecting with students. I also searched #elementaryed. That didn’t provide me with what I was looking for. It was mostly just funny things students do at school. There were some pictures of neat bulletin board ideas and some of the projects they did with their class. It just didn’t give much detail about the project or learning targets.

  5. The website/blog that I just recently started viewing is Cool Cat Teacher- coolcatteacher.com I follow them on my facebook and they post a few blogs every week which I think is just enough. It focuses on helping educators stay on current trends and technology as well as how this relates to our lesson plans. I also like how they focus on students of all abilities as I am a special education teacher.

  6. Twitter chats are one of the best ways for educators to connect with other educators, exchange and debate ideas, ask for help and provide assistance, find new resources and take action. I like that with twitter chats you can meet at a set “meeting time” to engage in conversations by sending out tweets on a topic using a designated hashtag during a specific time on a certain day. Most Twitter chats last for an hour which isn’t that long which is nice.

  7. I had a hard time searching and finding twitter chats, but I may have found something more useful: communities. I found the Science Teachers of Twitter community and it was really neat! Lots of educators showing experiments and graphics that they use in their practice. In the first couple posts alone there were graphics that expained the laws of thermodynamics, newtons laws, and states of matter. It could be a really good resource when looking for an activity or graphic. Just search the community and see what people have created!

  8. I searched #edchat, which consisted of a great many tools, activities, and ideas shared by numerous educators. It also has many educators sharing blog information, video conferencing topics, and podcasts. Many people and groups use #edchat to post information about their Twitter or events that will be taking place on their page. Teachers are sharing success, events happening in class, and quotes that you can place in your own classroom.

  9. I looked up the #ditchbook on twitter and ended up following its creator Matt Miller on Twitter. He had posted several interesting things, but the one I explored further was a blog on 20 ways to use Google Forms in the Classroom. He had an entry about “flipping” the classroom. One of the blended learning techniques we are discussing in a class I am taking. I liked how he explained that the forms are a great place to put a YouTube video or reading assignment and have a few multiple choice questions for the students to answer at home. This is another tool I will add to my “flipped” classroom arsenal.

  10. I searched edchat and found that it was mostly about sharing tools that teachers were using. There was one pretty cool anatomy coloring tool that I saw on the thread. There were a lot of games on the thread though. I personally have not had a great experience using games for educational purposes with the level of students I teach. A lot of game based education is aimed for much younger students, I would say k-8. Typically I have a hard time finding games that engage 17-18 year olds in any meaningful way in regards to my curriculum.

  11. I set up my TweetDeck. To be honest, I had no idea that it existed until this part of the PLN course. I set up a column for #secondaryela and immediately saw several form resources that might be helpful in my class. Curious, I opened another search column and looked at #hamlet. Again, lots of ideas and inspiration here. I am looking forward to trying a Twitter Chat.

  12. It was super easy to set up TweetDeck, but it is not mobile device friendly . I tried to set it up on my phone because that is where I has twitter handy. While set up was simple, I even figured out how to follow #edtechchat on a new deck, but do not try to do it on your phone.

  13. Wow! That was easy! I just set up my TweetDeck in less than five minutes. A quick Google search of TweetDeck brought me straight to my page where I was already logged in and it immediately populated the Home, My Profile, and Notifications columns for me. A helpful and informational tutorial popped up and took a minute or two to review. I then scrolled to the far right where I was able to add a column. This button brought me to a search bar where I typed in #edchat and it populated that column with that hashtag as the header and all of the tweets containing that hashtag below. I then added #edtechchat and it created another column filled with tweets. Such a clean and easy way to manage your Twitter account and view the information you are passionate about!

  14. I searched #edchat. I saw several motivational quotes for teachers. I liked reading first day of school activity ideas. There were also several review activity strategies that were beneficial and easily applied to any subject matter.

  15. I searched for #edchat and #fcsteacher on Twitter and found a lot of teachers sharing photos of cooking labs they have completed in their classrooms. Looks like a lot of ideas to use for school! I then set up a TweetDeck and it was super simple and made looking at the Twitter feed much more manageable.

  16. I looked into the #kinderchat to see what was going on, since I am very interested in teaching younger grades. I mostly saw a lot of people just posting quotes or teacher stuff with the hashtag, but I did see some links to activities that could be done at different times such as rainy days or towards the last day or school.

  17. I went and checked out the #edchat Twitter chat and I noticed a lot of teachers venting their frustrations about many of the problems going on in the current education system and in regard to parents. There were also numerous links included to different tools and strategies you can use for/in your classroom. I personally found an Edutopia link that discussed strategies for sparking critical thinking in young students that made for a great read. I’m a firm believer in forming critical thinkers from a young age, so reading about some useful tips was truly beneficial for me.

  18. Setting up and using Tweetdeck was easy, and the tour was easy to follow. I had a harder time trying to figure out how to access the chats. I did some searches for #edchat and #ditchbook, saw chats that were schedule, but could not figure out how to read any of the threads. One valuable result of my searching was that I was lead to new people to follow to help grow my LPN.

  19. The Twitter Mentor Program, linked above, seems like a great way to break into the Twitter world as an educator. It is a stand-alone site that explains how to use Twitter, how to sharpen your Twitter skills as an educator, has lists of who to follow which is broken up into categories, a weekly Saturday morning live discussion, and a space for personal Twitter mentors and how to apply to become a mentor yourself. This is a great catch-all for maximizing the usefulness of Twitter as a next-gen educational tool to activate the potentials of educators and students alike through contemporary engagement tools and strategies.

  20. Since I don’t want to get involved with Twitter for personal reasons, I decided to follow the prompts using Instagram instead (I know, also fomenting societal collapse but slightly less open about it?). I already follow several educators on that platform, and found many of them using #specialeducationteacher #scienceofreadinginstruction and #twiceexceptional
    I find that the more specific the hashtag, the better the search results, but I appreciate that under each search there’s a “follow” button that automatically subscribes you to the top posts from that hashtag each week.

  21. As I explored the #whatisschool chat, I noticed how often varying individuals, groups, etc. host a wide range of events via Zoom. Although I have mixed feelings about the onset/need for online learning, the array of conversations that can be fostered using Zoom is impressive and immensely useful. It goes without saying, the nature of Zoom is to connect folks regardless of where they are (geographically) in that very moment. It is an absolute treasure to have access to distinct lectures, meetings, informal spaces (and so much more!) centered around how we can better ourselves as educators.

  22. I have never used Twitter chats before so it was definitely a learning experience. I decided to look into the #formativeassessment and found many different activities that can help bring a unique approach to teaching. These activities vary in grade levels and subject matter, so I was able to gain a good amount of examples. 

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